The number of people suffering from conjunctivitis is increasing day by day. This term is given to the inflammation of the conjunctiva, a very thin layer that covers the white of your eyes and the inner side of the eyelid. Conjunctivitis is a common eye condition that is generally not serious but can be uncomfortable.
Conjunctivitis can begin in one eye and spread to the other after a day or two. Also, it can be asymmetric, affecting one eye more than the other. First, it is important to carry out preventive measures and appropriate treatment.
Conjunctivitis can be caused by a variety of pathogens. The treatment will depend on the cause.
For conjunctivitis caused by bacteria, broad-spectrum antibiotic drops or ointments can be applied, for example, chloramphenicol. Specifically, there is a type of conjunctivitis caused by a bacterium, Chlamydia trachomatis. This bacterium can be transmitted sexually, so it is essential to eliminate the base infection.
On the other hand, conjunctivitis caused by viruses, usually associated with the common cold, is characterized by reddening your eyes and producing a watery discharge. The eyelids and even the conjunctiva in the white of the eye can swell, creating a glassy appearance. A viral conjunctivitis cannot be cured, but you can treat the symptoms. An ointment or lubricating droplets can be used so that the eyes are not so irritated.
The symptoms of mild dry eyes can be prevented and relieved by using artificial tears (in the form of eye drops) or various liquid lubricants and cream. But this does not cure dry eye syndrome. These types of tear drops do not use preservatives as they could irritate the eyes of many people. eye drops for dry eyes are the best way to treat any eye infection.
Allergic conjunctivitis can also occur, especially at certain times of the year. First, you must identify what triggers the allergic response. Allergic conjunctivitis can be treated with antihistamine drops for several weeks, to prevent the body from developing an allergic response. Corticosteroid drops are occasionally used to treat this condition, but they can have serious side effects and should only be administered under the supervision of an ophthalmologist.
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WHAT CAN BE DONE TO PREVENT CONJUNCTIVITIS?
Washing your hands is one of the most important preventive measures to take. There should also be no exchange of facial towels, especially if someone nearby has conjunctivitis.
This disease can spread from one eye to another, especially when you rub them. You must remove the purulent remains by bathing the eye with warm water.
Use ophthalmic wipes that will help relieve symptoms and tissues when you dry your eyes and throw them away after use. Also, discard the antibiotic eye drops after finishing the treatment.
In addition, close contact with other people is not recommended during the first two weeks to help prevent the spread of infection. Undoubtedly, conjunctivitis is a common eye disease, but you should avoid it as much as possible. Do not hesitate to visit a professional to diagnose you and place the appropriate treatment.